ORDINANCE NO. 5464 (New Series.)
REGULATING AND ESTABLISHING THE LOCA-
TION OF TRADES, INDUSTRIES AND BUILD-
INGS, AND THE LOCATIONS OF BUILDINGS
DESIGNED FOR SPECIFIC USES, AND ESTAB-
LISHING THE BOUNDARIES FOR SAID PUR-
POSES, AND PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR
THE VIOLATION OF ITS PROVISIONS.
Be it ordained by the People of the City and County of
San Francisco as follows :
Section 1. For the purpose of this ordinance certain
terms herein used are herewith defined; all words used
in the present tense shall include the future; all words in
the singular number shall include the plural number ; the
word “lot” includes “plot,” and the word “building” in-
Accessory — The word “accessory” means a subordinate
building or portion of a main building whose use is inci-
dental to that of the main building.
Apartment — The word “apartment” means a room or a
suite of two or more rooms in a tenement house, occupied
or suitable for occupation as a residence for one family
doing its own cooking on the premises. One person may
be construed to be a family.
Building — The word “building” means a structure for
the support, shelter or enclosure of persons, animals or
chattels, and when separated by division walls of masonry
from the ground up, and without openings, then each
portion of such building shall be deemed a separate
Business or Commerce — The words “business” and
“commerce” mean the occupation or employment of buy-
ing, selling, bartering and exchanging goods, wares and
merchandise or other personal property or real property
or any interests therein for profit or livelihood, and also
the ownership or management of office buildings, offices
and recreational or amusement enterprises.
District — The word “district” means an entire city
block, any part thereof or two or more contiguous blocks.
Dwelling- — The word “dwelling” means any house or
building or portion thereof which is occupied in whole or
in part, as the home, residence or sleeping place either
permanent or transient of one or more human beings.
Industry— The word “industry” when used in this or-
dinance means the storage, repair, manufacture, prepara-
tion or treatment of any article, substance or commodity
whatsoever and including the operation of garages and
Lot — The word “lot” shall mean land bounded by defi-
nite lines and occupied or to be occupied by a building
or its accessory buildings together with the land, yards,
courts and area spaces used in connection with such
Story — The word “story” means that portion of a build-
ing included between the surface of any floor and the
surface of the next floor above it, or if their be no floor
above it then the space between such floor and the ceiling
next above it.
Street Line — The term “street line” means the bound-
ary line between street and abutting property.
Use — The word “use” means the purpose for which a
building is or may be occupied.
Section 2. Use Districts — For the purpose of regu-
lating and establishing the location of trades and indus-
tries, businesses, dwellings and the location of buildings
designed for specific uses, the City and County of San
Francisco is hereby divided into six classes of district :
(1) First Residential District, (2) Second Residential
District, (3) Commercial District, (4) Light Industrial
District, (5) Heavy Industrial District, (6) Unrestricted
District, as shown on the use of property zone maps,
sections 1 to 14 inclusive, which accompany this ordi-
nance and are hereby declared to be part hereof.
The use districts designated on said maps are hereby
established. The use of property zone map designations
which accompany said use of property zone maps are
hereby declared to be part hereof. No building or prem-
ises shall be erected or used for any purpose other than
a purpose permitted in the use district in which such
building or premises are located.
Section 3. First Residential District — In a First Resi-
dential District no building or premises shall be used and
no building shall be constructed or altered which is ar-
ranged, intended or designed to be used for any purpose
other than for :
1. Single family dwelling.
4. Community club house.
5. Nurseries, farms, truck gardens and greenhouses.
6. The usual accessories located on the same lot
with these various buildings not involving the conduct of
a business, but including the office of a musician, physi-
cian or dentist or other person authorized by law to prac-
tice medicine when situated in the same dwelling when
used by such person as his or her place of residence ; and
a garage or group of garages containing space for not
more than four automobiles.
7. A dwelling designed for and intended to be used
for two families providing that at least five thousand
(5000) square feet of open area shall remain upon the lot
upon which such structure is erected.
The Board of Supervisors may issue permits for the
erection within a First Residential District of a tempo-
rary building for commerce or industry incidental to the
construction of a building or the development of a resi-
dential district; and they may also issue permits for the
erection within such district of a stable for not more than
two cows or two horses.
Section 4. Second Residential District — In a Second
Residential District no building or premises shall be used
and no building shall be constructed or altered which is
arranged, designed or intended to be used for any pur-
pose other than the purposes specified in Section 3, and
those of a
1. Tenement house or apartment house.
3. Bodrding or lodging house.
6. Public building.
7. Hospital or sanitarium.
8. Police Station.
9. Fire Station.
10. Philanthropic and eleemosynary institution other
than a correctional institution.
Section 5. Commercial District — In a Commercial
District no building or premises shall be used and no
building shall be constructed or altered which is ar-
ranged, intended or designed to be used for any of the
following specified trades, industries and uses :
1. Automobile repair shop, unless conducted in con-
nection with a public garage and as a part thereof.
2. Bakeries employing more than five persons.
3. Blacksmith or horseshoeing establishments.
4. Bottling works.
5. Carting, express or hauling yard or storage yard
other than for fuel.
6. Contractors’ plant or storage yard.
8. Laundry employing more than ten people.
9. Lumber yard.
10. Uses excluded from the Light Industrial District.
11. Any kind of manufacturing other than manufac-
turing clearly incidental to a retail business conducted
on the premises or light manufacturing conducted on any
floor above the ground floor of a building.
PROVIDED, however, there may be maintained in a
Commercial District the following:
1. Printing shops and the business of publishing a
2. Light Industries clearly incidental to the opera-
tion of an Amusement Park.
3. Electric sub-stations and telephone exchanges.
4. Public garages and gasoline service stations may
be conducted in a Commercial District only under per-
mits granted by the Board of Supervisors.
No uses permitted by Sections 3 and 4 hereof shall
be excluded from the Commercial District.
Section 6. Light Industrial District— All uses permit-
ted in a Commercial District shall be permitted in a Light
Industrial District. In a Light Industrial District no
building or premises shall be used and no building shall
be constructed or altered which is intended or designed
to be used for any of the following specified trades, in-
dustries or uses:
1. Acetylene gas manufacture.
2. Ammonia, chlorine or bleach powder manufacture.
3. Asphalt manufacturing or refining.
4. Blast furnace.
5. Boiler works.
6. Brick, tile or terra cotta manufacture.
7. Celluloid manufacture or treatment.
8. Creosote treatment or manufacture.
9. Coke ovens.
10. Dyestuff manufacture.
11. Gas manufacturing.
12. Gunpowder manufacture or storage.
13. Lamp black manufacture.
14. Lime, cement or plaster of paris manufacture.
15. Petroleum refining.
16. Potash refining.
17. Rolling mill.
18. Ship yard.
19. Smelting of iron.
21. Storage or baling of scraps, papej, rags or junk.
22. Sulphuric, nitric or hydrochloric acid manufacture.
23. Tar distillation or manufacture.
24. Tar roofing or tar waterproofing manufacture.
25. Wool pulling and scouring.
26. Yeast plant.
27. Those uses which constitute a nuisance or which
may be noxious or offensive by reason of the emission of
odor, dust, smoke, gas or noise.
28. All uses excluded from Heavy Industrial Districts,
except single dwellings, flats and tenement houses.
Iron, steel or brass foundries operating closed furnaces
may be conducted in this district upon permit from the
Board of Supervisors, but not otherwise. ”
Section 7. Heavy Industrial District — In a heavy In-
dustrial District no building or premises shall be used
and no building shall be constructed or altered, which
is arranged, intended or designed to be used for any of
the following specified trades, industries or uses:
1. Single dwelling, flat or tenement house.
3. Candle factory.
4. Distillation of coal, bones or wood.
5. Fat rendering.
6. Fertilizer manufacture.
7. Glue, size or gelatin manufacture.
8. Incineration or reduction of garbage, offal, dead
animals or refuse.
9. Tallow, grease or lard manufacture.
Provided, the erection and maintenance of dwelling
quarters in connection with any industrial establishment
for the family of a watchman may be allowed.
Section 8. Unrestricted District — In the Unrestricted
District no use restrictions are placed on any of the
property except as are imposed by law or municipal
Section 9. Non-Conforming Building and Uses — Any
non-conforming use existing at the time of the passage
of this ordinance may be continued and any existing
building, designed, arranged, intended or devoted to a
non-conforming use may be reconstructed or structurally
altered and the non-conforming use therein changed sub-
ject to the following regulations:
1. The cost of reconstruction or structural alteration
of such a building shall in no cqse exceed 50 per cent of
its assessed value, nor shall the building be enlarged
unless the use thereof is changed to a conforming use.
2. No non-conforming use shall be enlarged at the
expense of a conforming use.
3. In a residence district no building or premises de-
voted to a use permitted in a commercial district shall
be changed into a use excluded from the commercial
4. In a residence or commercial district no building
or premises devoted to a use permitted in a light indus-
trial district shall be changed into a use excluded from a
light industrial district.
5. In a residence, commercial or light industrial dis-
trict no existing building or premises devoted to a use
excluded from the light industrial district shall be struc-
turally altered if its use shall have been changed since
the passage of this ordinance to another use also excluded
from a light industrial district. A change of use for the
purpose of this subdivision shall be deemed to include
any change from a use included in an enumerated sub-
division of section 6 to a use included in another enumer-
ated subdivision of section 6.
6. In a residence, commercial or light industrial dis-
trict no building or premises devoted to a use excluded
from a light industrial district shall have its use changed
to another use which is also excluded from a light indus-
trial district if the building shall have been structurally
altered since the time of passage of this ordinance. A
change of use for the purpose of this subdivision shall be
deemed to include any change from a use included in an
enumerated subdivision of section 6 to a use included in
another enumerated subdivision of section 6.
Section 10. Alterations or Changes in Districts — The
owner of any property within the City and County desir-
ing to change the classification applicable to his property
as the same appears upon the official use of property zone
map made a part of this ordinance, shall file an application
with the Clerk of the Board of Supervisors stating the na-
ture of the change desired. Such application shall be
accompanied by a map or diagram showing the bound-
aries of the area sought to be reclassified, together with
the names and addresses of all the owners of property
therein and within a distance of 275 feet outside of the
exterior boundaries of said area. Immediately upon the
filing of said application the same shall be transmitted to
the City Planning Commission for an investigation and
report. Within sixty days after receiving said applica-
tion the City Planning Commission shall fix a time for
hearing the same and shall notify the applicant and all
persons whose names appear as owners of property
within the distance of 275 feet of the property delineated
upon the map accompanying said application. Such hear-
ing may be continued from time to time so that all parties
interested may have opportunity to be heard in relation
thereto. Upon the conclusion of such hearing, or at the
request of a majority of the Board of Supervisors, the
City Planning Commission shall report to the Board of
Supervisors its recommendations and conclusions in re-
spect thereto. The Board of Supervisors may by resolu-
tion request the City Planning Commission to hear and
consider any proposed change in the classification of any
area or the City Planning Commission may of its own
initiative recommend a reclassification of any area.
Section 11. Upon the receipt of the report of the City
Planning Commission, the Board of Supervisors shall
consider the same and may change or refuse to change
the classification applied for or reported upon. If the
classification of any area is changed an ordinance shall
accordingly be passed and thereupon the City Planning
Commission shall change the official use of property zone
map in conformity therewith.
If any area is hereafter transferred to another district
by a change in district boundaries by an amendment, as
above provided, the provisions of this ordinance in regard
to the premises or building existing at the time of the
passage of this ordinance shall apply to buildings or
premises at the time of passage of such amendment in
such transferred area.
Section 12. Interpretation — Purpose — In interpreting
and applying the provisions of this ordinance they shall
be held to be the minimum requirements adopted for the
promotion of the public health, safety, comfort, conven-
ience and general welfare. It is not intended by this
ordinance to repeal, abrogate, annul or in any way to
impair or interfere with any existing provision of law or
ordinance or any rules, regulations or permits previously
adopted or issued or which shall be adopted or issued
pursuant to the law relating to the use of buildings or
premises ; nor is it intended by this ordinance to interfere
with or abrogate or annul any easement, covenant or
other agreements between parties; provided, however,
that where this ordinance imposes a greater restriction
upon the use of buildings or premises than is imposed
or required by such existing provisions of law or ordi-
nance or by such rules, regulations or permits or by such
easements, covenants or agreements, the provisions of
this ordinance shall control.
Section 13. Unlawful Use — Certificate of Occupancy
— It shall be unlawful to use or permit the use of any
building or premises or part thereof hereafter con-
structed, erected, changed or converted wholly or in part
in its use or structure until a certificate of occupancy to
the effect that the building or premises or the part thereof
so constructed, erected, changed or converted and the
proposed use thereof conform to the provisions of this
ordinance shall have been issued by the Chief Building
Inspector. In the case of such buildings or premises it
shall be the duty of the Chief Building Inspector to issue
a certificate of occupancy within ten days after a request
for the same shall be filed in his office by any owner of
a building or premises or the part thereof, so constructed,
erected, changed or converted, and the proposed use
thereof, conforms with all the requirements herein set
forth. A temporary certificate of occupancy for a part
of a building may be issued by the Chief Building Inspec-
tor. Upon written request from the owner, the Chief
Building Inspector shall issue a certificate of occupancy
for any building or premises existing at the time of the
passage of this ordinance certifying after inspection the
use of the building or premises and whether such use
conforms to the provisions of this ordinance.
Section 14. Enforcement, Legal Procedure, Penalties
— It shall be the duty of the Board of Public Works,
Board of Health, Police Department, Fire Department
and Department of Electricity to enforce this ordinance.
Any person, firm or corporation violating any provi-
sions of this ordinance shall be guilty of a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction thereof shall be punishable by a fine
of not more than $500 or by imprisonment for a term not
exceeding six months, or by both such fine and imprison-
ment. Such person, firm or corporation shall be deemed
guilty of a separate offense for each and every day during
any portion of which any violation of this ordinance is
committed, continued, or permitted by such person, firm
or corporation, and shall be punishable as herein provided.
Section 15. District Boundaries — District boundaries
are, unless otherwise indicated, street lines, but where
two or more district designations are shown within a
block 200 feet or less in width the boundary of a less re-
stricted district shall be deemed 100 feet back from its
street line. Where two or more district designations are
shown within a block more than 200 feet in width the
bounding- line shall be deemed 13 7^4 feet back from the
street line of the less restricted district, or shall be the
rear lot line of the lots fronting on the less restricted dis-
trict. Where uncertainty exists as to the exact boundary
line^ the line shall be determined by the City Planning
Commission upon written application and a record
thereof kept in the office of that Commission.
Section 16. Building Permits — No building permit
shall be issued by the Board of Public Works for the
erection or alteration of any building or structure con-
trary to the provisions of this ordinance.
Each application for a building permit hereafter filed
with the Board of Public Works shall be accompanied
by a statement as to the use of the building to be con-
structed or altered on blapks to be furnished by the Board
of Public Works. On each application there shall be
shown an accurate block plan of the location of the build-
ing on the lot drawn to a scale of 16 feet to 1 inch.
Section 17. Completion of Proposed Buildings and
Restoration of Building Wholly or Partially Destroyed —
Nothing herein contained shall require any change in
the plans, construction or designated use of a building
for which a building permit has been heretofore issued,
provided, however, the work of construction must be
commenced under such permit within ninety days after
passage of this ordinance and must be diligently prose-
cuted until the completion of the building for which such
permit has been granted. Nothing in this ordinance shall
prevent the restoration of a building wholly or partly
destroyed by fire, earthquake, explosion, act of God or
act of a public enemy, or prevent the continuance of the
use of such building or part thereof as such use existed
at the time of such destruction of such building or part
thereof, or prevent a change of such existing use under
the limitations provided in section 9. Nothing in this
ordinance shall prevent the restoration of a wall declared
unsafe by the Board of Public Works.
Section 18. The official and original copy of the use
of property zone maps shall be kept in the office of the
Clerk of the Board of Supervisors. Certified copies
thereof shall be deposited with the City Planning Com-
mission and with the Board of Public Works; also one
such copy shall be filed for record in the Recorder’s office.
Section 19. This ordinance shall take effect and be in
force from and after its passage.
Map Designations for Use of
Property Zone Maps
FIRST RESIDENTIAL D1ST.
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